Root canal treatment, also called endodontic, is done when a very deep cavity infects the blood vessels and nerves of a tooth. To carry out this treatment, the root canals are accessed in order to extract the nerves damaged by caries and clean them to avoid new infections.
Root canal treatment belongs to conservative dentistry, as it is sometimes the last chance to save the tooth before the infection becomes more serious and tooth extraction is necessary.
When Is Root Canal Treatment Done?
A cavity alone is not a serious danger to our dental health. However, if we let it continue to advance without treating it, the infection will reach the innermost part of the tooth: the pulp cavity, where the root canals and nerves of the tooth are located.
Some symptoms that reveal that the pulp has been affected by tooth decay, and therefore we need root canal treatment, are:
- Intense and constant pain when eating very cold or hot food. The dental pulp is in charge of perceiving sensory stimuli; therefore, if it is damaged, we will perceive acute pain.
- Color change or darkening of a tooth. In the absence of vitality, the pulp of a tooth becomes gray in color.
- Inflammation of the gums around the decayed tooth and even the appearance of dental fistulas (inflammation or lump with pus).
If you have had a cavity for a long time and notice any of the symptoms mentioned, go to the endodontic to solve the problem as soon as possible. In severe trauma, the pulp can be damaged by the blow. In these cases, this treatment may also be necessary.
What Is The Procedure For Root Canal Therapy?
The specialist “lumina dental ultimo” verify through radiographic tests that the nerves are damaged by caries. In case it is too late and it is necessary to remove the piece, the patient can choose to have a dental implant placed to restore its functions. However, whenever possible it is preferable to preserve natural teeth. For this, root canal treatment is the best solution in these cases.
To ensure that the patient does not suffer from pain during the procedure, local anesthesia will be administered before the procedure begins. According to the type of tooth, the canal may have more than one infection. After anesthesia is administered, a small incision is made through the crown – or the cavities are accessed – and the area is disinfected.
After root canal treatment, it is important that a correct restoration of the tooth is administered. When the pulp has been removed, the root canals are cleaned and filled with biocompatible material. To minimize cosmetic consequences, the dental crown is finally reconstructed.
The patient may feel sensitive teeth for days after treatment. Root canal treatments are very effective, but see your dentist if pain persists for several days to verify that there are no additional problems.
Does A Root Canal Hurt?
The endodontic treatment is done under local anesthesia, so you will not feel any pain during the intervention. Only in some cases, when the effect of the anesthesia wears off, there is a slight feeling of discomfort in the area, which passes after 4 or 5 days. To reduce these minor discomforts, we prescribe pain relievers and anti-inflammatories.
How Long Does A Root Canal Last?
Generally, endodontic treatment can be done in a session of one or two hours. Depending on the complexity of the case and due to some type of inflammation, infection or other difficulties, two or three sessions of greater or lesser time may be necessary. This treatment is definitive and long-lasting; however, these are subject to biological factors that can affect their success.